The elbow is a hinge joint made up of humerus, the ulna, and the radius. The surface of the bones where they meet the elbow joint is covered with articular cartilage which is a smooth substance that protects the bones and enables them to move easily. Synovial membrane a smooth thin tissue covers all the remaining surfaces inside the elbow joint. Muscles, ligaments, and tendons hold the elbow joint together.
Elbow replacement surgery is a complicated procedure as the elbow has several moving parts that balance each other with great precision to control the movements of the forearm. Elbow can be damaged due to rheumatoid arthritis, fracture or accident. In some cases, the damage can be repaired only surgically. But if the damage is severe the doctor might recommend elbow replacement surgery. Pain is the most common reason people choose to undergo elbow replacement surgery. This surgery involves removing of damaged joint with an artificial joint which is inserted in the arm bones.
Elbow replacement surgery is usually performed if the elbow joint is badly damaged and the patient is suffering from severe pain and cannot use the arm. Following are some of the conditions that require elbow replacement surgery:-
- Badly damaged elbow.
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Badly broken bone in the upper elbow.
- Torn or damaged tissues in the elbow.
- Poor results of the past elbow surgery.
- Tumor in or around the elbow.
- Stiffness in the elbow.
Before the surgery, the patients are advised not to drinking or eating anything for 6 to 12 hours. Elbow replacement surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision in the back of the elbow so they can access the elbow joint. The surgeon then removes the damaged tissue and parts of the arm bones and uses surgical drill to make a hole in the center of the two arm bones. The end of the artificial joint is generally glued in place into each bone and are connected with a hinge. The tissue around the elbow is repaired and the wound is closed with stitches. Patients arm is placed in a splint to keep it stable. Post-surgery patients may stay up to 2 or 3 days in the hospital. Patients may need physical therapy to gain strength and use the arm. Complete recovery can take up to a year.
- Problems in breathing.
- Allergic reactions to medicines.
- Blood clots.
- Damage to blood vessels.
- Nerve damage during surgery.
- The breaking of bone during surgery.
- Dislocation of the artificial joint
- Loosening of artificial joint.
Elbow replacement surgery is a complicated and expensive surgery. Elbow replacement surgery is available in India at the most affordable costs. India is known for providing best medical facilities at the most affordable costs. Availability of best medical treatment at affordable costs has attracted many patients from abroad. India has a large pool of highly skilled and qualified orthopedic surgeons which adds to the success rate of elbow replacement surgery performed in India.