What Is Hip Replacement Surgery?
The hip joint is made up of ball-and-socket where the socket is made of cartilage and bone whereas the ball is at the top of the thighbone which is also known as the femoral head. Hip replacement surgery is performed to replace the damaged ball-and-socket with new and durable artificial synthetic parts which mimic the function of ball-and-socket.
Hip replacement surgery is also commonly known as arthroplasty. This surgery is for people who have a severely damaged hip joint interfering in their daily activities. Osteoarthritis is the most common reason of hip damage which causes swelling, severe pain and reduced the motion of the joints. Hip replacement surgery is usually the last option. Initially, the patients are recommended with conservative treatments such as physical therapy, medicines and exercises. In case if all these treatments fail the surgeon recommends patient with Hip replacement surgery. The goals of this surgery is to increase the patient’s mobility, improve the function of their hip joint, and relieve the patient from the pain.
Who Needs Hip Replacement Surgery?
Arthritis is the most common cause of chronic hip pain and disability. There are different types of arthritis following are some of them mentioned which can lead to severe pain in the hip joints. Hip replacement surgery can be recommended to patients who are suffering from the following:-
Avascular Necrosis: – Avascular necrosis is also called as osteonecrosis. Avascular necrosis is caused due to injury in the hip which has led to fracture and dislocation of the joints which limits the supply of the blood in the femoral head.
Rheumatoid Arthritis: – Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease which results in inflammation and thickness of the hip joint. This chronic inflammation caused in rheumatoid arthritis can damage the cartilage which further leads to pain and stiffness.
Osteoarthritis: – Osteoarthritis is a wear and tear type of arthritis which usually occurs in people at the age of 50 years or who have a family history of arthritis. In osteoarthritis the cartilage cushioning the bones of the hip wears away and the bones rub against each other, causing pain and stiffness in the hip.
Congenital Hip Disease: – Some children and infants can have deformities in the hip from their birth. Even are successfully undergoing the treatment arthritis can occur later in life which can affects the hip joint.
Post-Traumatic Arthritis: – Post-traumatic arthritis can be caused due to serious hip injury or fracture which can damage the hip joint and lead to severe pain and stiffness.
Failure of Conservative Treatment: – Initially the patients are recommended with conservative treatments such as physical therapy, medicines or exercises. If conservative treatments fail to provide relief from the chronic pain hip replacement surgery is recommended.
Interference in Daily Activity:- It the pain is interfering with daily activity such as it has worsened your walking, makes it difficult to rise from a seated position, pain interferes with your sleep and the pain is persistent despite of your pain medication in such cases hip replacement surgery is recommended.
Types of Hip Replacement Surgery
There are different types of hip replacement surgery. The type of surgery recommended to patients varies from patient to patient depending on their condition. Following are some of the main types of hip replacement surgery:-
Total Hip Replacement Surgery: – Total hip replacement surgery is also called as hip arthroplasty. This surgery involves replacing of the damaged bone and cartilage with prosthetic components. The damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem which is placed in the hollow center of the femur. The femoral stem is placed with the help of cement. A metal or ceramic ball is placed on the upper part of the stem and the ball replaces the damaged femoral head which was removed. The acetabulum which is the damaged cartilage surface of the socket is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws or cement are sometimes used to hold the socket in place. The ceramic, plastic or the metal spacer is then inserted between the new ball and the socket for a smooth gliding surface.
Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement: – The surgical procedure of minimally invasive hip replacement surgery is same as total hip replacement surgery the only difference between them is the size of the incision. This surgery involves less cutting of the tissue surrounding the hip. Specially designed surgical instruments are needed in minimal invasive hip replacement surgery to prepare the socket and femur and to place these implants properly.
Minimally invasive total hip replacement can be performed with either one or two small incisions. In single-incision surgery the surgeon makes a single incision which is usually of 3 to 6 inches. The length of the incision made depends on the size of the patient and complexity of the procedure. Whereas in two-incision surgery the surgeon makes two small incision one over the groin for placement of the socket which is about 2 to3 inch and the second over the buttock for placement of the femoral stem which is about 1 to 2 inch.
Minimally invasive hip replacement has many advantages over other types of hip replacement surgeries such as it involves less loss of blood, less scarring, less disturbance to nearby tissues and faster recovery.
Partial Hip Replacement Surgery: – Partial hip replacement surgery is also commonly known as a hip hemiarthroplasty. This is a surgical procedure in which only the femoral head of the damaged hip joint is replaced. In this type of surgery, the acetabulum which is the socket is not replaced. Partial hip replacement surgery is recommended to patients who have broken or fractured hips.
Read More: All about Hip Replacement Procedure
Risks involved in Hip Replacement Surgery
Risks and complications can arise in any type of hip replacement surgery. Following are some of them mentioned:-
- Dislocation of joints.
- Blood clots.
- Loosening of the joints.
- Change in length of the leg.
Why Undergo Hip Replacement Surgery In India?
Hip Replacement Surgery is a major and complex surgery which requires immense expertise for the surgery to be successful. India has a large pool of highly skilled and qualified orthopaedic surgeons with a huge success rate. Availability of large numbers of world-class hospitals in India makes it an ideal destination to undergo any kind of orthopaedic treatments. Hip replacement surgery success rate in India is very high. India offers the best medical treatment for orthopaedic surgery at the most affordable costs.
Low Cost Package for Hip Replacement Surgery
Orthopaedic Surgery India is a leading medical tourism company in India with a decade of experience in providing the patients with the best medical packages for orthopaedic treatment. Orthopaedic Surgery India is associated with the top most orthopaedic surgeons across the country and provides their services to patient’s at the most affordable costs. Orthopaedic Surgery India offers best and customized packages at the most affordable packages for hip replacement surgery in India at the best healthcare facilities from the best orthopaedic surgeon. Patients every need is taken care of right from their arrival till departure by in the best possible way.